Some of the issues of sight come with age, but although we are disturbing, most of us do not have any cause for concern, here we can relate to the difficulty with which we look at some of the nearby objects. But leaving aside the aging, we must pay attention to the changes that may threaten our vision.
How do you know, in fact, if the problems you have are just the onset of serious conditions? Inform yourself about any eye deficiency, and if you identify yourself with a certain condition from the above, make sure you call for help from an ophthalmologist in the shortest possible time. To prevent a possible problem, experts recommend regular consultation.
"Ophthalmologic controls at a specialist physician can accurately detect symptoms of various illnesses that a patient may not notice. Even if you have the impression that your visual acuity is not changing or you notice no symptoms that you think might affect your vision, it's important to go for a routine ophthalmologic check, at least once every two years, "says Ophthalmologist Cristina Ciucă from Medical Optics Videt.ro.The most common vision problems and how they can be treated
Cataracts and uncorrected refractive flaws remain the most common cause of eye disease and blindness, according to specialists. Vices or uncorrected refractive errors affect the perception of nearby and remote objects, the most common being myopia, astigmatism and presbyopia. These can be corrected by wearing diopters corresponding to each condition.
Cataracts are those conditions that cause vision in the fog or sensitivity to strong light, and doctors recommend surgery because untreated can lead to serious complications or even loss of vision.
"Globally, cataracts continue to be at the top of the list of causes of blindness, and uncorrected refractive errors are the main cause of moderate or severe distraction disorder," says Dr. Cristina Ciucă.
In the top of the causes of global vision problems, we also encounter glaucoma, which is manifested by narrowing the visual field, gradually affecting vision. Because it can not be cured, it is recommended to use drops or laser treatments, and in case of more serious situations, the ophthalmologist has to intervene surgically.
Age-related macular degeneration leads to blurred vision, and to the wrong perception of colors and details. This condition is the main cause of vision loss in people over 50 years of age, the most recommended treatment being laser surgery.
Corneal opacity affects vision by altering the corneal transparency, and the most recommended treatment is the follow-up of a prescription prescribed by a physician or surgery.
Diabetic retinopathy is a condition resulting from a complication of diabetes, affecting the retina and reducing vision. The best solution for healing is laser surgery.Prevention of eye diseases
To prevent these conditions, specialists urge us to go to a regular ophthalmologic check, to know the history of family issues, to consume daily antioxidants, to reduce sugar, to wear UV-protected sun glasses, to take a break of 20 seconds every 20 minutes in front of the screen and be very careful when we use contact lenses.
World Day of Vision is part of the VISION 2020 program, initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO) and AIPO (International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness), and is a global movement to combat the phenomenon of blindness by reducing up to 25% avoidable ailments until 2019.